Sunday, December 07, 2008

Brent Shaw, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-6604


BA: University of Alberta '68; MA: University of Alberta '71; PhD: Cambridge
University '78

Professor Shaw works on and teaches the history of the high and later
Roman empire. His main regional focus is the North African provinces
of the empire.
He has also worked and published on the demography and social history
of the Roman family. His current research interest is the problem of
sectarian violence in Christian communities in Africa in the age of Augustine.
He has published articles in all of these areas and, more recently, a
sourcebook on Spartacus and the Slave Wars. He is also currently
involved in the first volume of Worlds Together, Worlds Apart,
a new world history
text that is being written by faculty in the Department of History at

Recent articles:

“War and Violence,” [in] G. W. Bowerwock, Peter Brown & Oleg Grabar eds., Late
Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World, Cambridge, Mass. – London,
Harvard University Press (1999), pp. 130-69 [revised version [in] G. W.
Bowersock, Peter Brown & Oleg Grabar eds., Interpreting Late Antiquity:
Essays on the Postclassical World, Harvard, Havard University Press (2001),

“The Seasonal Birthing Cycle of Roman Women,” chap. 2 [in] W. Scheidel ed.,

Debating Roman Demography, Leiden, Brill (2000), pp. 83-110

“Rebels and Outsiders,” chapter 11 [in] A. K. Bowman, P. D. A. Garnsey &
D. Rathbone eds., The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. 11: The High
Empire, A.D. 70-192, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000,
pp. 361-403.

“Raising and Killing Children: Two Roman Myths,” Mnemosyne: A Journal of
Classical Studies vol. 54 (2001), pp. 31-77

“Challenging Braudel: A New Vision of the Mediterranean,” Journal of Roman
Archaeology, vol. 14 (2001), pp. 19-53 [review article of P. Horden & N.
Purcell, The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History, Oxford,
Blackwell, 2000]

“Räuberbanden,” [in] Der Neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike, vol. 10 (Stuttgart-
Weimar, 2001), cols. 758-63

“’With Whom I Lived’: Measuring Roman Marriage,” Ancient Society, vol. 32 (2002),
pp. 195-242

“Judicial Nightmares and Christian Memory,” Journal of Early Christian Studies,
vol. 11 (2003), pp. 533-63

“A Peculiar Island: Maghrib and Mediterranean,” Mediterranean Historical Review,
vol. 18 (2003), pp. 93-125

“Who Were the Circumcellions?” chap. 11 [in] A. H. Merrills ed., Vandals,
Romans and Berbers: New Perspectives on Late Antique Africa (London,
Variorum, 2004), pp. 227-58

“Seasonal Mortality in Imperial Rome and the Mediterranean: Three Problem
Cases,” chap. 4 [in] Glenn R. Storey ed., Urbanism in the Preindustrial World:
Cross-Cultural Approaches (Tuscaloosa, The University of Alabama Press,
2006), pp. 86-109

Brent Shaw

Bob Kaster, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-3963
Web site:


B.A. Dartmouth College ’69, M.A. Harvard University ’71, Ph.D. Harvard University ’75.

Professor Kaster has taught and written mainly in the areas of Roman rhetoric, the history of ancient education, and Roman ethics.
His annotated translation of Seneca's De ira and De clementia is due to appear in the 'complete works of Seneca' project of The University of Chicago Press. His current major project is an edition of Macrobius's Saturnalia for the Loeb Classical Library, which will be followed by an edition for the Oxford Classical Texts series. His commentary on Cicero's Pro Sestio appeared in Summer 2006
His book Guardians of Language: The Grammarian and Society in Late Antiquity was awarded the Goodwin Award of Merit in 1991. In May 2007 he received Princeton's Behrman Award for distinguished achievement in the Humanities.

Numerous articles and reviews on Roman education, literature, and cultural psychology: an archive of downloadable post-prints in PDF format is available through Professor Kaster's personal website.

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Harriet I. Flower, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-5572


B.A. University College, Oxford ’83, Ph.D. Penn ’93.

Professor Flower is teaching and writing about Roman social and cultural history, with a special emphasis on material culture. Her previous research has focussed on various facets of the study of memory and of spectacle in Roman culture, notably during the Republic. She has published Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture and The Art of Forgetting: Disgrace and Oblivion in Roman Political Culture as well as many articles. She is the editor of Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic. Her current research is a book on the city of Rome during the Republic.


The Art of Forgetting: Disgrace and Oblivion in Roman Political Culture, (University of North
Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, Studies in the History of Greece and Rome, eds. P. J. Rhodes, R.
Osborne, and R. J. A. Talbert). 2006.

The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic, (ed). H. I. Flower (Cambridge, 2004).

Ancestor Masks and Aristocratic Power in Roman Culture, (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1996,
paperback edition 1999).

Roman Women: Selected Readings, (Providence, Rhode Island, 1986), a Latin reader published
through a grant from the Rhode Island Committee for the Humanities.

Recent Articles:

"Spectacle and Political Culture in the Republic," in H. I. Flower (ed.), The Cambridge
Companion to the Roman Republic (Cambridge, 2004) 322-43.

Book Review: BMCR 2003.12.20: Egon Flaig, Ritualisierte Politik. Zeichen, Gesten und
Herrschaft im Alten Rom. Historische Semantik Band 1 (Göttingen, 2003).

"Memories of Marcellus: History and Memory in Roman Republican Culture," in Formen
römischer Geschichtsschreibung von den Anfängen bis Livius: Gattungen – Autoren - Kontexte,
edited by U. Eigler, U. Gotter, N. Luraghi, U. Walter (Darmstadt 2003), 1-17.

"Were Women ever 'Ancestors' in Republican Rome?" in Images of Ancestors, ed. J. Munk Højte,
Aarhus Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity 5, University of Aarhus Press, (Aarhus, Denmark,
2002), 157-82.

"Roman Historical Drama and Nero on Stage," a commentary on P. Kragelund, "Historical
Drama in Ancient Rome: Republican Flourishing and Imperial Decline?" Symbolae Osloenses 77
(2002), 68-72.

"Rereading the Senatus Consultum de Bacchanalibus of 186 BC: Gender Roles in the Roman
Middle Republic," in Oikistes: Essays in Honor of A. J. Graham, edited by Vanessa B. Gorman
and Eric W. Robinson, (Leiden, 2002), 79-98.

Review of C. W. Hedrick Jr., History and Silence. Purge and Rehabilitation of Memory in Late
Antiquity (Austin, TX, 2000), Classical Journal 97 no. 2 (December 2001-January 2002), 207-

"A Tale of Two Monuments: Domitian, Trajan, and some Praetorians at Puteoli (AE 1973, 137),"
American Journal of Archaeology 105.4 (2001), 625-48.

"Fabula de Bacchanalibus: the Bacchanalian Cult of the Second Century BC and Roman
Drama," in G. Manuwald (ed.), Identität und Alterität in der frührömischen Tragödie (Identitäten
und Alteritäten, vol. 3, Altertumswissenschaftliche Reihe vol. 1, Würzburg, 2000), 23-35.

"Damnatio Memoriae and Epigraphy," in E. R. Varner, (ed.) From Caligula to Constantine:
Tyranny and Transformation in Roman Portraiture (Atlanta, 2000) 58-69, the catalogue of an
exhibition at the Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University, (Fall 2000), and at the Yale
University Art Gallery (Spring 2001).

"The Tradition of the Spolia Opima: Marcus Claudius Marcellus and Augustus," Classical
Antiquity 19.1 (2000), 34-64.

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Andrew Feldherr, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-3953


Professor Feldherr graduated from Princeton in 1985 and received his Ph.D. from Berkeley in 1991. He is the author of Spectacle and Society in Livy's History (Berkeley, 1998) as well as articles on Vergil, Ovid, and Catullus and is currently at work on a book exploring the political aspects of fictionality in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Teaching interests include Roman Drama and Satire, as well as Roman Cultural History.

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Denis Feeney, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-7060

B.A., M.A. Auckland University ’76; D. Phil. Oxford University ’82

Professor Feeney teaches in the area of Latin poetry in particular, and has published two books on the interaction between Roman literature and religion (The Gods in Epic; Literature and Religion at Rome), with another on Roman representations of time (Caesar's Calendar). He is currently working on a book tentatively entitled Roman Horizons, on the way the Romans modernised themselves in the third and second centuries BCE.


The Gods in Epic: Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition (Oxford University
Press, 1991)

Literature and Religion at Rome: Cultures, Contexts, and Beliefs (Cambridge
University Press, 1998) trans. Claudio Salone, ed. Piergiorgio Parroni, Letteratura e religione nell’antica
Roma: culture, contesti e credenze (Salerno Editrice, Rome, 1999)

Caesar’s Calendar: Ancient Time and the Beginnings of History (University of
California Press, forthcoming, May 2007)

Recent Articles:

‘Leaving Dido: the appearance(s) of Mercury and the motivations of Aeneas’, in
A Woman Scorn’d: Responses to the Dido Myth, ed. M. Burden (London, 1998),

‘Epic violence, epic order: Killings, catalogues, and the role of the reader in
Aeneid 10’, in Reading Vergil’s Aeneid: An Interpretive Guide, ed. Christine
Perkell (Oklahoma, 1999), 178-94

‘Mea tempora: Patterning of time in Ovid’s Metamorphoses’, in P. Hardie, A.
Barchiesi and S. Hinds (eds.), Ovidian Transformations: Essays on Ovid’s
Metamorphoses and its reception (Cambridge Philological Society,
Supplementary vol. 23, Cambridge, 1999), 13-30

‘The odiousness of comparisons: Horace on Synkrisis’, in M. Paschalis (ed.),
volume on Horace, forthcoming, University of Crete

‘Una cum scriptore meo: poetry, principate, and the traditions of literary history
in the Epistle to Augustus’, in T. Woodman and D. Feeney (eds.), Traditions and
Contexts in the Poetry of Horace, forthcoming, Cambridge University Press

‘Introduction’, in Ovid: Metamorphoses. A New Verse Translation, tr. D.
Raeburn (Penguin, 2004), xiii-xxxvi

‘Interpreting sacrificial ritual in Roman poetry: disciplines and their models’, in
A. Barchiesi, J. Rüpke and S. Stephens (eds.), Rituals in Ink: A Conference on
Religion and Literary Production in Ancient Rome held at Stanford University in
February 2002 (Stuttgart, 2004), 9-29

‘Tenui…latens discrimine: spotting the differences in Statius’ Achilleid’,
Materiali e Discussioni 52 (2004), 85-105

‘The beginnings of a literature in Latin’, Journal of Roman Studies 95 (2005),
226-40 (Review Article of W. Suerbaum (ed.), Handbuch der lateinischen
Literatur der Antike. Erster Band: Die archaische Literatur. Von den Anfängen
bis zu Sullas Tod. Die vorliterarische Periode und die Zeit von 240 bis 78 v. Chr.
(Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft VIII.1, Munich, 2002))

‘Two Virgilian acrostics: certissima signa?’, with Damien Nelis, Classical
Quarterly 55 (2005), 644-6

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Edward Champlin, Princeton

Phone: 609-258-3959

B.A. Toronto ’70, D.Phil. Oxford ’76.

Professor Champlin works
on Roman social and literary history of the late Republic and early
Empire, and on Roman law. His books include Fronto and Antonine
; Final Judgments: Duty and Emotion in Roman Wills;
and Nero. He is currently interested in the uses of myth
in Roman public and private life.

Other Publications:

“Phaedrus the Fabulous”, Journal of Roman Studies 95 (2005) 97-123

Yelena Baraz, Princeton University

Phone: 609-258-3956

B.A. Brooklyn College, CUNY '97; Ph.D. UC Berkeley '04.

Professor Baraz specializes in Latin literature and Roman culture. She is interested in how literary texts shape, and are in turn shaped by, social and cultural forces. She is currently completing a book manuscript entitled Cicero's Philosophical Politics that locates the body of philosophical work Cicero produced in the 40s BCE under Caesar's dictatorship in its historical and cultural context. She is also working on a new project that explores the meaning of pride and related concepts in Roman society (a paper on this subject is forthcoming in "Kakos": Badness in Classical Antiquity, Ralph Rosen and Ineke Sluiter, edd., Brill 2008).

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Monday, August 25, 2008

Philip Freeman

Associate Professor of Classics, Luther College

Department of Classics
Luther College
Decorah, Iowa 52101
(563) 387-2144

"When I was a boy, I cared much more about comic books than Homer or Virgil. My father was stationed in Italy for a year when I was twelve. I spent the whole time earning Boy Scout merit badges and bowling with my friends rather than trekking around the country looking at Roman ruins. When I got back to the states and entered high school, I signed up for French rather than Latin because a dead language was the last thing I was interested in.

When I started my first year of college I thought Latin might be fun (and not too hard). I lasted a week before I dropped the class. I just couldn't understand the notion of declensions, verb-final syntax, and the dreaded ablative case. But I eventually gave it another try and persevered. Then I ended up adding Greek, mythology, and archaeology classes to my schedule until I figured out I might as well be a Classics major. By the time I was nearing the end of my undergraduate years, I decided that I wanted to teach in college even though I had never taught anything to anyone up to that point.

There's nothing quite as much fun as standing in front of a group of college students and opening new worlds to them. It's such a privilege that I would probably do it for free (don't tell the dean I said that). There's nothing better than sharing stories with bright young people about Achilles and how anger can destroy a person's life; or Odysseus and why he gave up immortality; or Dante and how the worst sin you could ever commit isn't murder, but betrayal of someone who loves you.

I've taught at Harvard University, Boston University, Washington University, and now Luther College in the beautiful hills (yes, hills) of northeast Iowa. I've also been a visiting scholar at the Harvard Divinity School, the American Academy in Rome, and the Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, D.C. I've given talks on the ancient world at the Smithsonian Institution and interviews on National Public Radio, but my best audience ever was a class of enthusiastic elementary school students in St. Louis.

A few years ago, I decided that I wanted to share stories about the ancient world with an audience beyond my students, so I started writing books for anyone with a library card."

Freeman holds the Orlando W. Qualley Chair of Classical Languages at Luther College. He is an internationally recognized specialist in Greek, Roman, medieval culture and Celtic studies.

Publications include:

The Letters of St. Patrick - This is a bilingual Latin/English edition of St. Patrick's forthcoming from the Library of Early Christianity series published by the Catholic University of America Press. It will also include an early life of Patrick written by the seventh-century Irish churchman Muirchú.

War, Women, and Druids: Eyewitness Reports and Early Accounts of the Ancient Celts (University of Texas Press, 2002) - If you want to read in English almost every important passage about the ancient Celts that survives in Greek and Roman authors, you'll like this handy sourcebook.

The Galatian Language (Ancient Near Eastern Texts and Studies vol. 13) (Mellen Press, 2001) - A small collection of every scrap remaining from the language of the Galatians, migrating Celts who ended up in Asia Minor in the third century BC (St. Paul wrote to them in his New Testament letter).

Ireland and the Classical World (University of Texas Press, 2001) - Ireland interacted with Greece and Rome centuries before St. Patrick arrived. This book is a comprehensive study of all the literary, linguistic, and archaeological sources for this contact. Greek and Latin texts are included, but I also translate everything.

"Teaching the Bhagavad-Gita in a Traditional Great Books Program" in Uniting the Liberal Arts: Core and Context (B. Cowan, ed., University Press of America, 2002) 113-116 - I had such a great time teaching this ancient Indian text in the Core Curriculum program at Boston University that I wanted to share a few tips with anyone else who might want to include it in a course.

"The Survival of the Etruscan Language" Etruscan Studies 5: 75-84 (1999) - This article looks at the evidence for how long the language of the ancient Etruscans of Italy survived.

"The Earliest Greek Sources on the Celts" Etudes Celtiques 32: 11-48 (1996) - More than you ever wanted to know about Greek sources on the Celts dating from 500 to 300 BC. This article was based on part of my doctoral dissertation.

"Visions from the Dead in Herodotus, Nicander of Colophon, and the Táin Bó Cúailnge" Emania 12: 45-48 (1994) - We know from Posidonius and Caesar that the Celts believed in an afterlife, but the earliest evidence comes from a fragment of the Greek writer Nicander. He says the ancient Celts used to visit the graves of their ancestors seeking visions, a ritual also found in medieval Irish stories.

Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Susanna Elm, UC Berkeley

Susanna Elm
Professor of History and Classics

D.Phil. Oxon., Literae Humaniores (Ancient History) St. Hilda's College, 1986
Philosophicum, summa cum laude, Free University Berlin (BA-equivalent in Philosophy and education), 1982
Interim examination, summa cum laude, University Berlin, 1980
Music certificate, qualified flute teacher, North Rhine Westphalian Academy of Music, 1978
Valedictorian, Gymnasium Leopoldinum I, Detmold, 1978

Selected Publications:


Virgins of God. The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity. Oxford Classical Monograph Series. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994; Paperback, 1996, re-ed. 1999, 2003).

The "Holy Man" Revisited (1971-1997): Charisma, Texts, and Communities in Late Antiquity. Ed. Susanna Elm and Naomi Janowitz. Special Issue Journal of Early Christian Studies 6: 3 (1998).

Orthodoxie, christianisme, histoire - Orthodoxy, Christianity, History. Ed. Susanna Elm, Éric Rebillard and Antonella Romano. Collection de l'École française de Rome 270. Rome: École française de Rome, 2000.

Medical Challenges for the New Millennium - An Interdisciplinary Task. Ed. Stefan N. Willich and Susanna Elm. New York/Amsterdam: Kluver, 2001.

Violence in Late Antiquity: Perceptions and Practices. Ed. H. Drake and co-ed. E. Albu, S. Elm, M. Maas, C. Rapp, M. Salzman. London: Ashgate, 2006.

Sons of Hellenism, Fathers of the Church: Gregory of Nazianzus, Emperor Julian, and the Christianization of the Late Roman Elites. In preparation.

Quo Vadis - Medical Healing. Past Concepts and New Approaches. Ed. Susanna Elm and Stefan Willich. New York: Springer, forthcoming.


"An Alleged Book theft in Fourth Century Egypt: P. Lips. 43." Studia Patristica 18 (1989): 209-215.

"Perceptions of Jerusalem Pilgrimage as Reflected in Two Early Sources on Female Pilgrimage (3rd and 4th Century A.D.)." Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 219-223.

"The Sententiae ad Virginem by Evagrius Ponticus and the Problem of Early Monastic Rules." Augustinianum 30 (1990): 393-404.

"Evagrius Ponticus' Sententiae ad Virginem." Dumbarton Oaks Papers 45 (1991): 265-295.

"Vergini, vedove, diaconisse - alcuni osservazioni sullo sviluppo dei cosidetti "ordini femminile’ nel quarto secolo in Oriente." Codex Aquilarensis 5 (1991): 77-89.

"Formen des Zusammenlebens mät;nnlicher und weiblicher Asketen im östlichen Mittelmeerraum wät;hrend des vierten Jahrhunderts nach Christus," in Doppelklöster und andere Formen der Symbiose mät;nnlicher und weiblicher Religiosen im Mittelalter. Ed. Kaspar Elm and Michel Parisse. Berliner Historische Studien 18; Ordensstudien 8. Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1992, 13-24.

"Athanasius of Alexandria’s Letter to the Virgins - who was its intended audience?" in Ricerche Patristiche in onore di Dom Basil Studer OSB. Ed. V. Grossi and A. di Berardino. Augustianum 33. Rome: Institutum Patristicum Augustianum, 1993, 171-183.

"Priests ... shall not make any cuttings in their flesh (Lev. 21: 5)." Graven Images 2 (1995): 36-41.

"Schon auf Erden Engel:" Einige Berkungen zu den Anfät;ngen asketischer Gemeinschaften in Kleinasien." Historia 45 (1996): 483-500.

"The Polemical Use of Genealogies: Jerome's Classification of Pelagius and Evagrius Ponticus" Studia Patristica 33 (1996): 311-318.

"Pierced by Bronze Needles:" Anti-Montanist Charges of Ritual Stigmatization in their Fourth-Century Context." Journal of Early Christian Studies (Special Issue) 4: 4 (1996): 409-439.

"Isis' Loss: Gender, Dependence, and Ethnicity in Synesius' De Providentia or Egyptian Tale." in Journal of Ancient Christianity 1 (1997): 96-115.

"Der Asket als vir publicus. Die Bedeutung von Augustinus' Konzept des Christus iustus et iustificans für den spät;tantiken Asketen als Bischof," in: Recht, Macht, Gerechtigkeit. Ed. J. Mehlhausen. Veröffentlichungen der Wissenschaflichen Gesellschaft für Theologie. Gütersloh: Kaiser, 1999, 192-201.

"The Dog that Did Not Bark: Doctrine and Patriarchal Authority in the Conflict between Theophilus of Alexandria and John Chrysostom of Constantinople," in: Christian Origins I. Ed. L. Ayres and G. Jones. London: Routledge, 1998, 68-93.

"The Diagnostic Gaze: Gregory of Nazianzus' Theory of Orthodox Priesthood in his Oration 6 "De pace" and 2 "Apologia de Fuga sua," in:Orthodoxie, christianisme, histoire/ Orthodoxy, Christianity, History. Ed. Susanna Elm, Éric Rebillard and Antonella Romano. Rome: École française de Rome, 2000, 83-100.

"Inventing the Father of the Church: Gregory of Nazianzus' "Farewell to the Bishops" (Or. 42) in its Historical Context," in Vita Religiosa im Mittelalter. Ed. Franz Felten and Norbert Jaspert. Berlin: Dunker und Humblot, 1999, 3-20.

" 'Sklave Gottes' – Stigmata, Bischöfe und anti-hät;retische Propaganda im vierten Jahrhundert." Historische Anthropologie 8: 3 (1999): 345-363.

"A Programmatic Life: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Orations 42 and 43 and the Constantinopolitan Elites." Arethusa 33 (2000): 411-427.

"Orthodoxy and the True Philosophical Life: Julian and Gregory of Nazianzus." Studia Patristica 37 (2001): 69-85.

"Developments in Ancient Medicine - Models for Today's Challenges? Contemporary Medicine and the Christianisation of the Roman Elite – a Parallel," in Medical Challenges for the New Millenium - An Interdisciplinary Task. Ed. Stefan N. Willich and Susanna Elm. New York/Amsterdam: Kluver, 2001, 3-17.

"Historiographic Identities. Julian, Gregory of Nazianzus and the Forging of Orthodoxy," JAC/ZAC 7 (2003): 249-266.

"Inscriptions and Conversions. Gregory of Nazianzus on Baptism (or. 38-40)," in Conversion in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages: Seeing and Believing. Ed. Kenneth Mills and Anthony Grafton. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2003, 1-35.

"Hellenism and Historiography: Gregory of Nazianzus and Julian in Dialogue," Journal of Early Medieval Europe 33: 3, Special issue honoring Elizabeth A. Clark, 2003, 493-515; Italian version, “Ellenismo e Storiografia. Giuliano emperore e Gregorio Nazianzeno," in Societá e cultura nella tarda antichitá, Ed. A. Marcone. Florence: Le Monier, 2004, 58-76.

"Marking the Self in Late Antiquity: Inscriptions, Baptism and the Conversion of Mimes," in: Stigmata. Ed. Bettine Menken and Barbara Vinken. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2004, 47-68.

"A response," Reconsiderations. Augustine and his Time. Ed. W. Fitzgerald. Villanova University Press, 2005, 16-21.

" 'Oh Paradoxical Fusion:' Gregory of Nazianzus on Baptism and Cosmology (Or. 38-40)," in: Heavenly Realms and Earthly Realities in Late Antique Religions. Ed. R. A. Boustan and A. Y. Reed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 617-657.

"Gregory's Women: Creating a Philosopher’s Family," in Gregory of Nazianzus: Images and Reflections. Ed. Jostein Břrtnes and Tomas Hät;gg. Oslo: Oslo University Press, 2006, 171-191.

"Captive Crowds: Pilgrims and Martyrs," in CROWDS. Ed. Jeffrey T. Schnapp and M. Tiews, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2006, 133-148.

"Roman Pain and the Rise of Christianity," in Quo Vadis Medical Healing: Past Concepts and New Approaches. Ed. Susanna Elm and Stefan Willich. New York: Springer, forthcoming.

"Perpetua the Martyr – Perpetua the Saint. The Cultural Context of an Early Christian Phenomenon," In: The Imagined Worlds of Martyrdom. Ed. Christopher Ocker and Susanna Elm. Submitted to Cambridge Press.

"Family Men. Masculinity and Philosophy in Late Antiquity," Festschrift Peter Brown. Ed. Philip Rousseau, forthcoming.

Recent Invited Lectures:

Schloss Elmau: Interdisciplinary Conference on Medicine; Healing, Quo vadis?: "Roman Pain and the Rise of Christianity” (5/4-7/03).

Udine: Universitá di Udine, Societá e Cultura in eta tardoantica: “Ellenismo e Storiografia.” (5/29-30/03).

Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Advanced Studies, Oslo: Colloquium Gregory of Nazianzus:
“Gregory's Women” (6/16/03).

Tokyo: Keio University, Dept. of History: “Wandering Bishops” (10/6/03).
Villanova: Institute for Augustinian Studies: Saint Augustine-Reconsiderations: Comment (12/6/03).

Bielefeld: Dept. of History: “Becoming Roman in Rom: Malaria und Migration” (2/7/04).
St. Louis: Dept. of History, Washington University: “Both Mother and Father: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Philosophical Family and the Question of Masculinity in Late Antiquity”

Miami: University of Miami, Dept. of History: “Gregory’s Women” (4/15/04).
Stanford: Humanities Center: “A New Masculinity in Late Antiquity?” (5/17/04).
Princeton: IAS, “Prophecy and Divine Ascent” – The Late Antique Roots of the Koran
Colloquium (6/2-4/04).

Kiel: Dept. of History: ““Both Mother and Father: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Philosophical Family and the Question of Masculinity in Late Antiquity” (06/25/04).

Washington DC: Dept. of Classics, The Andrew Mellon Lecture: “Romanitas: Slavery,
Demography and Roman Identity.” (10/29/04).

Princeton: Dept. of History, Shelby Collum Davis Center Thirty Year Anniversary: “Why I do the History I do” (11/18/04).

Vancouver: Dept. of English, Center for Medieval Studies, Conference Performing the Past: “History and Histrionics” (10/28-10/29/06).

Berlin: American Academy, Ellen Maria Gorrison Lecture: “Pagan Challenge - Christian
Response - Transforming the Late Antique Elites” (02/06/07).

Frankfurt a. M.: Max-Planck Institut für Rechtsgeschichte: “Divine Decree and Imperial Enactment” (05/03/07).


Office: 2310 Dwinelle Hall
Hours: Tuesday 2-4pm
Phone: (510) 642-2238

Professor David Mattingly

Professor of Roman Archaeology, University of Leicester, BA PhD FBA FSA

Following a BA in History at the University of Manchester, he completed a PhD under the supervision of Professor Barri Jones at the same University.

He was a British Academy Post-doctoral fellow at the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford (1986-1989), then Assistant Professor at the University of Michigan before coming to Leicester in December 1991 as a Lecturer. He was promoted to Reader (1995) and Professor (1998).

Heheld a British Academy Research Readership award from 1999-2001 and was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 2003.

Current Research Interests and Projects

His research has been wide-ranging in chronological and geographical terms, as well as in subject matter. There are strong unifying trends running through and he is essentially a specialist in the archaeology of the Roman empire. He is an active field archaeologist and has organised projects in Britain, Italy, Libya, Tunisia and Jordan.

A significant component throughout his career to date has been the study of Roman Africa. His main contributions to the advancement of Roman Africa studies have been in terms of study of rural settlement, farming technology and the economy; urbanism and the urban economy; post-colonial approaches to the impact of Rome; the evolution of the Roman military frontiers and, latterly, the study of native society beyond those frontiers. He was a major author of the final reports on the UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey, and helped initiate work in 1990 at an important Tunisian harbour site called Leptiminus, leading to two published volume of reports, with a third co-edited volume in progress. Recently, the Fazzan Project in Libya has taken him beyond the boundaries of the Roman empire to research the Saharan heartlands of an important people called the Garamantes. This Sahara work has now entered a new phase as the Desert Migration Project.

A second research strand developed from his Oxford-based post-doctoral research into olive cultivation in the Roman world and the production of olive oil and its trade.

A third area of research has been rural field survey, where he has published final reports on multi-period work near Rieti in Italy and in Libya, whilst a monograph on co-directed work in Jordan (Wadi Faynan) is in an advanced state of preparation. Other areas of interest include Roman Britain, imperialism in the Roman world, Roman economic and social history and cartography of the ancient world.

He has authored, co-authored, edited or co-edited 18 monographs. Several others are in preparation. In addition he has written (or contributed to) 140 published articles/chapters, 8 review articles and about 150 other book reviews or minor works.

Recent Publications

  • (with G. Barker and D. Gilbertson et al.) Archaeology and Desertification: the Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, southern Jordan. Oxbow, CBRL, Oxford (in press).
  • (with C.M. Daniels, J.N. Dore, D. Edwards and J. Hawthorne). The Archaeology of Fazzan. Volume 2, Site Gazetteer, Pottery and Other Survey Finds. London (2007). Pp xxx and 522. (edited by D. Mattingly).
  • (edited with G. Shipley, J. Vanderspoel and L. Foxhall,). The Cambridge Dictionary of Classical Civilization. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2006). Pp. xliv and 966.
  • An Imperial Possession. Britain in the Roman Empire. Penguin History of Britain Series. London (2006). Pp. xvi and 622. (Paperback edition 2007 with minor corrections).
  • (edited with S. McLaren, E. Savage, Y al-Fasatwi and K. Gadgood). The Libyan Desert: Natural Resources and Cultural Heritage. Society for Libyan Studies, London (2006). Pp. x and 338.
  • (with C.M. Daniels, J.N. Dore, D. Edwards and J. Hawthorne) The Archaeology of Fazzan: Volume 1 (Synthesis, London, 2003), pp. xxvi and 430, 460 figures (edited by D. Mattingly).
  • (with L. Stirling and N. Ben Lazreg). Leptiminus (Lamta): Report no. 2, The East Baths, Cemeteries, Kilns, Venus Mosaic, Site Museum and other studies Portsmouth, RI, JRA Suppl. 40. (2001), pp. 464. See also (with N. Ben Lazreg and contributions from others). Leptiminus (Lamta): a Roman port city in Tunisia, Report no. 1. Ann Arbor (1992), pp. 333
  • (edited with J. Salmon). Economies beyond Agriculture in the Classical World. (Leicester Nottingham Ancient History Seminar Series, Routledge. (2001 [2000]), pp. xii and 324
  • (edited with D. Potter). Life, Death and Entertainment in Ancient Rome. (Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press). (1999), pp. xiv and 353
  • (edited). Dialogues in Roman Imperialism. Power, Discourse and Discrepant Experience in the Roman Empire (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Suppl. vol 23), Portsmouth, RI (1997), pp. 200
  • (with G.W.W. Barker, D.D. Gilbertson and G.D.B. Jones). Farming the Desert The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Archaeological Survey. Volume 1, Synthesis. (principal editor, G. Barker), UNESCO, Soc. for Libyan Studies, Paris/London (1996), pp. xx and 404; Volume 2, Gazetteer and Pottery (principal editor, D.J. Mattingly), UNESCO, Soc. for Libyan Studies, Paris/London (1996), pp. xxii and 394
  • Tripolitania. Batsford, London (1995), pp. xxii and 266

Contact Details:

Friday, May 02, 2008

Jon E. Lendon

Jon E. Lendon

Corcoran Department of History

The University of Virginia

Randall Hall

P.O. Box 400180

Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4180


1991 Ph.D. Yale University, History.

1986 B.A. Yale University, History and Classical

Civilization, summa cum laude, Phi Beta

Kappa, with distinction in both majors.

A. Books:

Soldiers and Ghosts: A History of Battle in Classical Antiquity (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2005).

Empire of Honour: The Art of Government in the Roman World (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

B. Articles:

"War and Society in the Hellenistic World and the Roman Republic," forthcoming in H. van Wees, P. Sabin, and M. Whitby (eds.), Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare (Cambridge: Cambridge University Pr.).

"Cavalry Formations in the Greek Tactical Tradition," forthcoming in N. V. Sekunda (ed.), Acts of the First International Conference on Hellenistic Warfare.

"Athens and Sparta and the Coming of the Peloponnesian War," in L. J. Samons (ed.), Cambridge Companion to the Age of Pericles (New York: Cambridge University Pr., 2007) pp. 258-281.

"The Legitimacy of the Roman Emperor: Against Weberian Legitimacy and Imperial 'Strategies of Legitimation'" in A. Kolb (ed.), Herrschaftsstrukturen und Herrschaftspraxis (Akademie: Berlin, 2006) pp. 53-63.

"Xenophon and the Alternative to Realist Foreign Policy: Cyropaedia 3.1.14-31," Journal of Hellenic Studies 126 (2006) pp. 82-98.

"Contubernalis, Commanipularis, and Commilito in Roman Soldiers' Epigraphy: Drawing the Distinction," Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 157 (2006) pp. 270-276.

"Historical Thought in Ancient Rome," in L. Kramer and S. Maza (eds.), A Companion to Western Historical Thought (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002) pp. 60-77.

"Voting by Shouting in Sparta," in E. Tylawsky and C. Weiss (eds.), Essays in Honor of Gordon Williams: Twenty- Five Years at Yale (New Haven: Henry R. Schwab, 2001) pp. 169-75.

"Homeric Vengeance and the Outbreak of Greek Wars," in H. van Wees (ed.), War and Violence in Ancient Greece (London: Duckworth/Classical Press of Wales, 2000) pp. 1-30.

"The Rhetoric of Combat: Greek Theory and Roman Culture in Julius Caesar's Battle Descriptions," Classical Antiquity 18 (1999) pp. 273-329.

"Spartan Honor," in C. Hamilton and P. Krentz (eds.), Polis and Polemos: Essays on Politics, War, and History in Ancient Greece, in Honor of Donald Kagan (Claremont, California: Regina Books, 1997) pp. 105-26.

"Thucydides and the 'Constitution' of the Peloponnesian League," Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 35 (1994) pp. 159-77.

"The Face on the Coins and Inflation in Roman Egypt,"
Klio 72 (1990) pp. 106-34.

"The Oxyrhynchus Historian and the Origins of the
Corinthian War," Historia 38 (1989) pp. 300-13.

C. Review articles and academic book reviews:

"Greek Art and Culture Since Art and Experience in Classical Greece" (review article) with E. A. Meyer, in J. M. Barringer and J. M. Hurwit (eds.), Periklean Athens and its Legacy (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005) pp. 255-276.

Review of C. R. Whittaker, Rome and its Frontiers: The Dynamics of Empire (London/New York: Routledge, 2004)and T. S. Burns, Rome and the Barbarians, 100 B.C.-A.D. 400 (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003), The Journal of Roman Studies 95 (2005) pp. 257-9.

Review of A. K. Bowman, H. M. Cotton, M. Goodman, and S. Price (eds.), Representations of Empire: Rome and the Mediterranean World in The Classical Review 54(2004) pp. 483-5.

"The Ignorance Factory" (review article), Arion 12 (2004) pp. 189-200.

"The Roman Army Now" (review article), The Classical Journal 99 (2004) pp. 441-9.

Review of J. P. Arnason and P. Murphy (eds.), Agon, Logos, Polis: The Greek Achievement and its Aftermath in The Classical Review 52 (2002) pp. 400-401.

"Primitivism and Ancient Foreign Relations" (review article), The Classical Journal 97 (2002) pp. 375-84.

"Gladiators" (review article), The Classical Journal 95 (2000) pp. 399-406.

Review of G. Anderson, Sage, Saint, and Sophist. Holy Men and their Associates in the Early Roman Empire in The International Journal of the Classical Tradition 5 (1998) pp. 114-6.

"Three Emperors and the Roman Imperial Regime" (review article), The Classical Journal 94 (1998) pp. 87-93.

"Social Control at Rome" (review article), The Classical Journal 93 (1997) pp. 83-8.

Review of P. Brown, Power and Persuasion in Late Antiquity: Towards a Christian Empire, in Speculum 69 (1994) pp. 1129-31.

Saturday, April 26, 2008

Robert Garland

Robert Garland
Colgate University
M.A., McMaster University Ph.D., University College London

Robert S.J. Garland, the Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics at Colgate University, is Director of the Division of the Humanities there and has served 13 years as Chair of the Department of the Classics. He earned his B.A. in Classics from Manchester University, his M.A. in Classics from McMaster University, and his Ph.D. in Ancient History from University College London.

A former Fulbright Scholar and recipient of the George Grote Ancient History Prize, Professor Garland has educated students and audiences at a variety of levels. In addition to his 17 years teaching Classics at Colgate University, he has taught English and Drama to secondary school students and lectured at universities throughout Britain as well as the British School of Archaeology in Athens.

Professor Garland is the author of numerous articles in both academic and popular journals and books capturing details of all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman life, including The Greek Way of Life: From Conception to Old Age; Introducing New Gods: The Politics of Athenian Religion; and Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks. His expertise has been featured in The History Channel's "Last Stand of the 300," and he has repeatedly served as a consultant for educational film companies.

I also noticed that he wrote, "The Eye of the Beholder: Deformity and Disability in the Graeco-Roman World", a "detailed investigation of the plight of those Greeks and Romans who, owing either to deformity or to disability, did not meet their society's exacting criteria for the ideal human form. Drawing on classical drama and poetry, historical works, medical tracts, vase painting and sculpture, mythology, and ethnography, Garland examines the high incidence of disability and deformity among the Greek and Roman population."

This subject really interests me. Recently, I viewed an exhibition of Roman art from the Louvre up at the Seattle Art Museum and was surprised by a reference to Caligula being somewhat deformed since I had never read that before. According to the Louvre, apparently most sculptures of Caligula are idealized and purposefully sculpted to emphasize his relationship to Augustus. The reason I find the idea of a deformed Caligula as somewhat incredulous is that he was adored as a child by the legions and Roman society was not terribly forgiving about physical shortcomings even in childhood - especially if you consider the treatment of Claudius

Friday, February 01, 2008

Michele R. Salzman, University of California at Riverside

Professor of History

College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences


B.A. Latin 1973
Brooklyn College of the City University of New York
M.A. Latin 1975
Bryn Mawr College
Ph.D. Latin & Greek 1981
Bryn Mawr College


Professor-in-Charge, Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome (administered by Duke University), 2003-2004.
Member of the Editorial Board, American Journal of Archaeology, 2004-2007
Organizer, Penates, and Steering Board of Multi-Campus Research Group for the Study of Late Antiquity in Southern California, 1998-present
American Council of Learned Societies Travel Grant, 1990
Mellon Fellow in Classical Studies, American Academy in Rome, 1986-87
ACLS Research Fellowship, 1983

Research Area

Ancient Greece & Rome; late antiquity; social and religious history


On Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Urban Life in Late Antiquity.

"Because they list all the public holidays and pagan festivals of the age, calendars provide unique insights into the culture and everyday life of ancient Rome. The Codex-Calendar of 354 miraculously survived the Fall of Rome. Although it was subsequently lost, the copies made in the Renaissance remain invaluable documents of Roman society and religion in the years between Constantine's conversion and the fall of the Western Empire.

In this richly illustrated book, Michele Renee Salzman establishes that the traditions of Roman art and literature were still very much alive in the mid-fourth century. Going beyond this analysis of precedents and genre, Salzman also studies the Calendar of 354 as a reflection of the world that produced and used it. Her work reveals the continuing importance of pagan festivals and cults in the Christian era and highlights the rise of a respectable aristocratic Christianity that combined pagan and Christian practices. Salzman stresses the key role of the Christian emperors and imperial institutions in supporting pagan rituals. Such policies of accomodation and assimilation resulted in a gradual and relatively peaceful transformation of Rome from a pagan to a Christian capital. "

Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.
The Making of a Christian Aristocracy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

"Christian Century : This fascinating and important book...discusses the social origins and career paths of the aristocratic men--and the family involvements of the women--who converted to Christianity, and concludes by exploring 'the emperor's influence on aristocratic conversion' and 'the aristocrats' influence on Christianity'...Salzman's work is important not just for the study of the early church but for the study of the whole history of Christianity. The class distinctions which she so ably explores were significant not only for early Christians, but also for the medieval church and the Reformation church."
--Robert M. Grant

Former Institution

Boston University


Michele Salzman received her B.A. in Latin (1973) from Brooklyn College of City University of New York and her M.A. (1975) and Ph.D. (1981) from Bryn Mawr College in Greek and Latin. Before joining the faculty at the University of California, Riverside in 1995, she taught at Swarthmore College, Columbia University, and, for thirteen years, at Boston University. Salzman's research focuses on the religious and social history of Late Antiquity. She is author of Roman Time: The Codex-Calendar of 354 and the Rhythms of Urban Life in Late Antiquity (UC Press, 1990), as well as several articles on Roman history and religion. Her new book, The Making of a Christian Aristocracy (Harvard University Press) examined the social and religious issues that bear upon the conversion of the Roman aristocracy from paganism to Christianity in the Roman Empire in the West in the years after Constantine. Salzman is currently interested engaged in a commentary and translation of Book 1 of the Letters of the late Roman senator Symmachus. Salzman was Mellon Fellow in Classical Studies at the American Academy in Rome, 1986-87. In addition, she has received research fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, the American Philosophical Society, and the Whiting Foundation. In 2003-2004 she was professor in charge of the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome. She is currently on the editorial Board of the American Journal of Archaeology. She is one of the members of the Steering Committee for the Multi-Campus Research Group for Late Antiquity.

Contact information:

HMNSS Bldg. 6603
University of California
Riverside, CA 92521

(951) 827-1991 (Voice)
(951) 827-5299 (Fax)
(951) 827-5401 (Dept)