Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Susanna Elm, UC Berkeley

Susanna Elm
Professor of History and Classics

D.Phil. Oxon., Literae Humaniores (Ancient History) St. Hilda's College, 1986
Philosophicum, summa cum laude, Free University Berlin (BA-equivalent in Philosophy and education), 1982
Interim examination, summa cum laude, University Berlin, 1980
Music certificate, qualified flute teacher, North Rhine Westphalian Academy of Music, 1978
Valedictorian, Gymnasium Leopoldinum I, Detmold, 1978

Selected Publications:


Virgins of God. The Making of Asceticism in Late Antiquity. Oxford Classical Monograph Series. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994; Paperback, 1996, re-ed. 1999, 2003).

The "Holy Man" Revisited (1971-1997): Charisma, Texts, and Communities in Late Antiquity. Ed. Susanna Elm and Naomi Janowitz. Special Issue Journal of Early Christian Studies 6: 3 (1998).

Orthodoxie, christianisme, histoire - Orthodoxy, Christianity, History. Ed. Susanna Elm, Éric Rebillard and Antonella Romano. Collection de l'École française de Rome 270. Rome: École française de Rome, 2000.

Medical Challenges for the New Millennium - An Interdisciplinary Task. Ed. Stefan N. Willich and Susanna Elm. New York/Amsterdam: Kluver, 2001.

Violence in Late Antiquity: Perceptions and Practices. Ed. H. Drake and co-ed. E. Albu, S. Elm, M. Maas, C. Rapp, M. Salzman. London: Ashgate, 2006.

Sons of Hellenism, Fathers of the Church: Gregory of Nazianzus, Emperor Julian, and the Christianization of the Late Roman Elites. In preparation.

Quo Vadis - Medical Healing. Past Concepts and New Approaches. Ed. Susanna Elm and Stefan Willich. New York: Springer, forthcoming.


"An Alleged Book theft in Fourth Century Egypt: P. Lips. 43." Studia Patristica 18 (1989): 209-215.

"Perceptions of Jerusalem Pilgrimage as Reflected in Two Early Sources on Female Pilgrimage (3rd and 4th Century A.D.)." Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 219-223.

"The Sententiae ad Virginem by Evagrius Ponticus and the Problem of Early Monastic Rules." Augustinianum 30 (1990): 393-404.

"Evagrius Ponticus' Sententiae ad Virginem." Dumbarton Oaks Papers 45 (1991): 265-295.

"Vergini, vedove, diaconisse - alcuni osservazioni sullo sviluppo dei cosidetti "ordini femminile’ nel quarto secolo in Oriente." Codex Aquilarensis 5 (1991): 77-89.

"Formen des Zusammenlebens mät;nnlicher und weiblicher Asketen im östlichen Mittelmeerraum wät;hrend des vierten Jahrhunderts nach Christus," in Doppelklöster und andere Formen der Symbiose mät;nnlicher und weiblicher Religiosen im Mittelalter. Ed. Kaspar Elm and Michel Parisse. Berliner Historische Studien 18; Ordensstudien 8. Berlin: Duncker and Humblot, 1992, 13-24.

"Athanasius of Alexandria’s Letter to the Virgins - who was its intended audience?" in Ricerche Patristiche in onore di Dom Basil Studer OSB. Ed. V. Grossi and A. di Berardino. Augustianum 33. Rome: Institutum Patristicum Augustianum, 1993, 171-183.

"Priests ... shall not make any cuttings in their flesh (Lev. 21: 5)." Graven Images 2 (1995): 36-41.

"Schon auf Erden Engel:" Einige Berkungen zu den Anfät;ngen asketischer Gemeinschaften in Kleinasien." Historia 45 (1996): 483-500.

"The Polemical Use of Genealogies: Jerome's Classification of Pelagius and Evagrius Ponticus" Studia Patristica 33 (1996): 311-318.

"Pierced by Bronze Needles:" Anti-Montanist Charges of Ritual Stigmatization in their Fourth-Century Context." Journal of Early Christian Studies (Special Issue) 4: 4 (1996): 409-439.

"Isis' Loss: Gender, Dependence, and Ethnicity in Synesius' De Providentia or Egyptian Tale." in Journal of Ancient Christianity 1 (1997): 96-115.

"Der Asket als vir publicus. Die Bedeutung von Augustinus' Konzept des Christus iustus et iustificans für den spät;tantiken Asketen als Bischof," in: Recht, Macht, Gerechtigkeit. Ed. J. Mehlhausen. Veröffentlichungen der Wissenschaflichen Gesellschaft für Theologie. Gütersloh: Kaiser, 1999, 192-201.

"The Dog that Did Not Bark: Doctrine and Patriarchal Authority in the Conflict between Theophilus of Alexandria and John Chrysostom of Constantinople," in: Christian Origins I. Ed. L. Ayres and G. Jones. London: Routledge, 1998, 68-93.

"The Diagnostic Gaze: Gregory of Nazianzus' Theory of Orthodox Priesthood in his Oration 6 "De pace" and 2 "Apologia de Fuga sua," in:Orthodoxie, christianisme, histoire/ Orthodoxy, Christianity, History. Ed. Susanna Elm, Éric Rebillard and Antonella Romano. Rome: École française de Rome, 2000, 83-100.

"Inventing the Father of the Church: Gregory of Nazianzus' "Farewell to the Bishops" (Or. 42) in its Historical Context," in Vita Religiosa im Mittelalter. Ed. Franz Felten and Norbert Jaspert. Berlin: Dunker und Humblot, 1999, 3-20.

" 'Sklave Gottes' – Stigmata, Bischöfe und anti-hät;retische Propaganda im vierten Jahrhundert." Historische Anthropologie 8: 3 (1999): 345-363.

"A Programmatic Life: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Orations 42 and 43 and the Constantinopolitan Elites." Arethusa 33 (2000): 411-427.

"Orthodoxy and the True Philosophical Life: Julian and Gregory of Nazianzus." Studia Patristica 37 (2001): 69-85.

"Developments in Ancient Medicine - Models for Today's Challenges? Contemporary Medicine and the Christianisation of the Roman Elite – a Parallel," in Medical Challenges for the New Millenium - An Interdisciplinary Task. Ed. Stefan N. Willich and Susanna Elm. New York/Amsterdam: Kluver, 2001, 3-17.

"Historiographic Identities. Julian, Gregory of Nazianzus and the Forging of Orthodoxy," JAC/ZAC 7 (2003): 249-266.

"Inscriptions and Conversions. Gregory of Nazianzus on Baptism (or. 38-40)," in Conversion in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages: Seeing and Believing. Ed. Kenneth Mills and Anthony Grafton. Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2003, 1-35.

"Hellenism and Historiography: Gregory of Nazianzus and Julian in Dialogue," Journal of Early Medieval Europe 33: 3, Special issue honoring Elizabeth A. Clark, 2003, 493-515; Italian version, “Ellenismo e Storiografia. Giuliano emperore e Gregorio Nazianzeno," in Societá e cultura nella tarda antichitá, Ed. A. Marcone. Florence: Le Monier, 2004, 58-76.

"Marking the Self in Late Antiquity: Inscriptions, Baptism and the Conversion of Mimes," in: Stigmata. Ed. Bettine Menken and Barbara Vinken. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 2004, 47-68.

"A response," Reconsiderations. Augustine and his Time. Ed. W. Fitzgerald. Villanova University Press, 2005, 16-21.

" 'Oh Paradoxical Fusion:' Gregory of Nazianzus on Baptism and Cosmology (Or. 38-40)," in: Heavenly Realms and Earthly Realities in Late Antique Religions. Ed. R. A. Boustan and A. Y. Reed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, 617-657.

"Gregory's Women: Creating a Philosopher’s Family," in Gregory of Nazianzus: Images and Reflections. Ed. Jostein Břrtnes and Tomas Hät;gg. Oslo: Oslo University Press, 2006, 171-191.

"Captive Crowds: Pilgrims and Martyrs," in CROWDS. Ed. Jeffrey T. Schnapp and M. Tiews, Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 2006, 133-148.

"Roman Pain and the Rise of Christianity," in Quo Vadis Medical Healing: Past Concepts and New Approaches. Ed. Susanna Elm and Stefan Willich. New York: Springer, forthcoming.

"Perpetua the Martyr – Perpetua the Saint. The Cultural Context of an Early Christian Phenomenon," In: The Imagined Worlds of Martyrdom. Ed. Christopher Ocker and Susanna Elm. Submitted to Cambridge Press.

"Family Men. Masculinity and Philosophy in Late Antiquity," Festschrift Peter Brown. Ed. Philip Rousseau, forthcoming.

Recent Invited Lectures:

Schloss Elmau: Interdisciplinary Conference on Medicine; Healing, Quo vadis?: "Roman Pain and the Rise of Christianity” (5/4-7/03).

Udine: Universitá di Udine, Societá e Cultura in eta tardoantica: “Ellenismo e Storiografia.” (5/29-30/03).

Oslo: Norwegian Institute of Advanced Studies, Oslo: Colloquium Gregory of Nazianzus:
“Gregory's Women” (6/16/03).

Tokyo: Keio University, Dept. of History: “Wandering Bishops” (10/6/03).
Villanova: Institute for Augustinian Studies: Saint Augustine-Reconsiderations: Comment (12/6/03).

Bielefeld: Dept. of History: “Becoming Roman in Rom: Malaria und Migration” (2/7/04).
St. Louis: Dept. of History, Washington University: “Both Mother and Father: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Philosophical Family and the Question of Masculinity in Late Antiquity”

Miami: University of Miami, Dept. of History: “Gregory’s Women” (4/15/04).
Stanford: Humanities Center: “A New Masculinity in Late Antiquity?” (5/17/04).
Princeton: IAS, “Prophecy and Divine Ascent” – The Late Antique Roots of the Koran
Colloquium (6/2-4/04).

Kiel: Dept. of History: ““Both Mother and Father: Gregory of Nazianzus’ Philosophical Family and the Question of Masculinity in Late Antiquity” (06/25/04).

Washington DC: Dept. of Classics, The Andrew Mellon Lecture: “Romanitas: Slavery,
Demography and Roman Identity.” (10/29/04).

Princeton: Dept. of History, Shelby Collum Davis Center Thirty Year Anniversary: “Why I do the History I do” (11/18/04).

Vancouver: Dept. of English, Center for Medieval Studies, Conference Performing the Past: “History and Histrionics” (10/28-10/29/06).

Berlin: American Academy, Ellen Maria Gorrison Lecture: “Pagan Challenge - Christian
Response - Transforming the Late Antique Elites” (02/06/07).

Frankfurt a. M.: Max-Planck Institut für Rechtsgeschichte: “Divine Decree and Imperial Enactment” (05/03/07).


Office: 2310 Dwinelle Hall
Hours: Tuesday 2-4pm
Phone: (510) 642-2238

Professor David Mattingly

Professor of Roman Archaeology, University of Leicester, BA PhD FBA FSA

Following a BA in History at the University of Manchester, he completed a PhD under the supervision of Professor Barri Jones at the same University.

He was a British Academy Post-doctoral fellow at the Institute of Archaeology, Oxford (1986-1989), then Assistant Professor at the University of Michigan before coming to Leicester in December 1991 as a Lecturer. He was promoted to Reader (1995) and Professor (1998).

Heheld a British Academy Research Readership award from 1999-2001 and was elected Fellow of the British Academy in 2003.

Current Research Interests and Projects

His research has been wide-ranging in chronological and geographical terms, as well as in subject matter. There are strong unifying trends running through and he is essentially a specialist in the archaeology of the Roman empire. He is an active field archaeologist and has organised projects in Britain, Italy, Libya, Tunisia and Jordan.

A significant component throughout his career to date has been the study of Roman Africa. His main contributions to the advancement of Roman Africa studies have been in terms of study of rural settlement, farming technology and the economy; urbanism and the urban economy; post-colonial approaches to the impact of Rome; the evolution of the Roman military frontiers and, latterly, the study of native society beyond those frontiers. He was a major author of the final reports on the UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey, and helped initiate work in 1990 at an important Tunisian harbour site called Leptiminus, leading to two published volume of reports, with a third co-edited volume in progress. Recently, the Fazzan Project in Libya has taken him beyond the boundaries of the Roman empire to research the Saharan heartlands of an important people called the Garamantes. This Sahara work has now entered a new phase as the Desert Migration Project.

A second research strand developed from his Oxford-based post-doctoral research into olive cultivation in the Roman world and the production of olive oil and its trade.

A third area of research has been rural field survey, where he has published final reports on multi-period work near Rieti in Italy and in Libya, whilst a monograph on co-directed work in Jordan (Wadi Faynan) is in an advanced state of preparation. Other areas of interest include Roman Britain, imperialism in the Roman world, Roman economic and social history and cartography of the ancient world.

He has authored, co-authored, edited or co-edited 18 monographs. Several others are in preparation. In addition he has written (or contributed to) 140 published articles/chapters, 8 review articles and about 150 other book reviews or minor works.

Recent Publications

  • (with G. Barker and D. Gilbertson et al.) Archaeology and Desertification: the Wadi Faynan Landscape Survey, southern Jordan. Oxbow, CBRL, Oxford (in press).
  • (with C.M. Daniels, J.N. Dore, D. Edwards and J. Hawthorne). The Archaeology of Fazzan. Volume 2, Site Gazetteer, Pottery and Other Survey Finds. London (2007). Pp xxx and 522. (edited by D. Mattingly).
  • (edited with G. Shipley, J. Vanderspoel and L. Foxhall,). The Cambridge Dictionary of Classical Civilization. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2006). Pp. xliv and 966.
  • An Imperial Possession. Britain in the Roman Empire. Penguin History of Britain Series. London (2006). Pp. xvi and 622. (Paperback edition 2007 with minor corrections).
  • (edited with S. McLaren, E. Savage, Y al-Fasatwi and K. Gadgood). The Libyan Desert: Natural Resources and Cultural Heritage. Society for Libyan Studies, London (2006). Pp. x and 338.
  • (with C.M. Daniels, J.N. Dore, D. Edwards and J. Hawthorne) The Archaeology of Fazzan: Volume 1 (Synthesis, London, 2003), pp. xxvi and 430, 460 figures (edited by D. Mattingly).
  • (with L. Stirling and N. Ben Lazreg). Leptiminus (Lamta): Report no. 2, The East Baths, Cemeteries, Kilns, Venus Mosaic, Site Museum and other studies Portsmouth, RI, JRA Suppl. 40. (2001), pp. 464. See also (with N. Ben Lazreg and contributions from others). Leptiminus (Lamta): a Roman port city in Tunisia, Report no. 1. Ann Arbor (1992), pp. 333
  • (edited with J. Salmon). Economies beyond Agriculture in the Classical World. (Leicester Nottingham Ancient History Seminar Series, Routledge. (2001 [2000]), pp. xii and 324
  • (edited with D. Potter). Life, Death and Entertainment in Ancient Rome. (Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press). (1999), pp. xiv and 353
  • (edited). Dialogues in Roman Imperialism. Power, Discourse and Discrepant Experience in the Roman Empire (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Suppl. vol 23), Portsmouth, RI (1997), pp. 200
  • (with G.W.W. Barker, D.D. Gilbertson and G.D.B. Jones). Farming the Desert The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Archaeological Survey. Volume 1, Synthesis. (principal editor, G. Barker), UNESCO, Soc. for Libyan Studies, Paris/London (1996), pp. xx and 404; Volume 2, Gazetteer and Pottery (principal editor, D.J. Mattingly), UNESCO, Soc. for Libyan Studies, Paris/London (1996), pp. xxii and 394
  • Tripolitania. Batsford, London (1995), pp. xxii and 266

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